|SAO is Russia's main centre for ground-based space research. The Observatory is located in the South of Russia, in the Caucasus mountains of Karachaevo-Cherkesia.|
Study of the Universe as a whole, analysis of non-stationary energy release in galactic and extragalactic objects of various types, investigation of evolution and chemical composition of our Galaxy and the nature of solar activity. Ecology of upper atmosphere and nearby space.
Provision of methodical and technical facilities for observations on the largest telescopes, conducted accordingly to the programs of Russian and foreign astronomical institutions.
Elaboration of the newest means and methods of observations to realize the limiting characteristics of BTA and RATAN-600: sensitivity, spectral, spatial and time resolution.
Development of the system for acquisition, storage and processing of astronomical data, and switch to the international astronomical data base network.