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LMET ISSP RAS
High-temperature furnaces

Avaliable methods of research


Synthesis of solid oxide materials for high-temperature electrochemical applications

  • Solid-state synthesis
  • Glycine-nitrate and citrate synthesis routes
  • Co-precipitation and other routes to synthesize nanosized powders
  • Synthesis in controlled atmospheres
  • Reductive, oxidative and vacuum treatments
  • Analysis of the reaction kinetics



The Laboratiry has all necessary equipment for preparation and studies of oxide and cermet materials, including:

  • Camera and tubular furnaces for thermal treatments at 100 - 1750 C in various atmospheres,
  • Milling,
  • Sieving,
  • Ultrasound treatments,
  • Infiltration,
  • Compacting,
  • Analysis of reaction and melting processes,
  • Ageing and storage under controlled conditions.





Structural and microscopic characterization of materials is performed in collaboration with the Laboratory of Spectroscopy of Defect Structures (LSDS), Sector of Elemental and Structural Analysis (SESA), Laboratory of Structural Research (LSR) and Distributed center for shared facilities of ISSP RAS. The main methods include (but are not limited to):

  • X-ray diffraction (XRD),
  • Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopic analysis (SEM/EDX)
  • High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM),
  • X-ray protoelectron spectroscopy (XPS),
  • Raman spectroscopy,
  • Atomic force microscopy (AFM),
  • X-ray fluorescence spectroscopic analysis (XFA),
  • Differential thermal and thermogravimetric analysis (DTA/TGA),
  • High-temperature microscopy (HSM),
  • TOF-SIMS analysis.

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